Keyboard Shortcuts by OS and App: Mac OS X, Windows 8.1, Ubuntu

boot and shutdown | all applications

finder/explorer | terminal | browser

text mode editor | gui editor | intellij

pdf viewer | kindle | itunes

image editor | vector editor

mathematica | r | spreadsheet

hypervisor

action mac windows ubuntu
system info Cmd+Break (boot camp: Cmd+fn+ESC)
launch application ⌘ Space Spotlight Cmd opens Start Super
quick access to utilities in a dropdown Cmd+X use extra letter to select from dropdown
switch application ⌘ Tab (Q to quit app within switcher) Alt+Tab Alt+Tab
switch to application in taskbar Cmd+1, Cmd+2, …
switch windows in application ⌘` Alt+Tab
task manager launch Activity Monitor Ctrl+Shift+Esc
force quit ⇧⌥⌘Esc
resource monitor Cmd+R resmon
maximize window Cmd+Up Arrow Ctrl+Cmd+Up Arrow
undo maximize window Ctrl+Cmd+Down Arrow
maximize window to right half Cmd+Right Arrow
maximize window to left half Cmd+Left Arrow
screen capture to clipboard ⇧^⌘3 PrtSc (Boot Camp: Fn+Shift+F11)
window capture to clipboard ⇧^⌘4, Space, select Window Alt+PrtSc (Boot Camp: Fn+Alt+Shift+F11)
screen capture to file ⇧⌘3, saved to Desktop PrtSc (Boot Camp: Fn+Shift+F11), then Ctrl+V in Paint
window capture to file ⇧⌘4, Space, select Window, saved to Desktop Alt+PrtSc (Boot Camp: Fn+Alt+Shift+F11), then Ctrl+V in Paint
show desktop fn F11 Cmd+D
exposé (mission control) F3 Cmd+Tab
invert/revert screen colors ^⌥⌘8 C+= and in magnifier options, select "turn on color inversion"
move focus to menu bar Ctrl+Fn + F2 (left) Ctrl+Fn + F8 (right) Alt+F Alt+E Alt+V …
system preferences ⌥VolumeKey (or BrightnessKey) Cmd+I
zoom in ⌘=
zoom out ⌘-
open magnifier Cmd+=
close magnifier Cmd+ESC
change input method ⌘SPACE conflicts with Spotlight? Cmd+Space
boot and shutdown
mac windows ubuntu
boot setup F2
safe mode shift F8
boot from optical drive C
single user mode ⌘S
verbose boot ⌥⌘V
restart-sleep-shutdown dialog ^Eject
sleep ⌥⌘Eject
display sleep ^⇧Eject
shutdown ^⌥⌘Eject Ctrl+Alt+Delete select power button in lower right
lock screen define a hot corner at:

 System Preferences | Screen Saver
Cmd+L Ctrl+Alt+L
log out ⇧⌘Q Ctrl+Alt+Del
all applications
mac windows ubuntu
close window ⇧⌘W Alt+F4 Alt+F4
new window ⌘N Ctrl+N
select all ⌘A Ctrl+A
copy ⌘C Ctrl+C
cut ⌘X Ctrl+X
paste ⌘V Ctrl+V
paste special (no formatting) ⇧⌥⌘V Ctrl+Alt+V
undo ⌘Z Ctrl+Z
redo ⌘Y Ctrl+Y
close application ⌘Q task manager can be used to close all instances of an application
save ⌘S
save with option to change file name ⇧⌘S Ctrl+S
open ⌘O Ctrl+O
preferences ⌘,
page up fn ↑ fn ↑
page down fn ↓ fn ↓
start of document fn ← fn ←
end of document fn → fn →
select file, edit, view menu ^fnF2 F, ^fnF2 E, ^fnF2 V Alt+F, Alt+E, Alt+V Alt+F, Alt+E, Alt+V
full screen F11
help ⌘? F1
finder/explorer/nautilus
mac windows ubuntu
launch finder/explorer Cmd+E
go up a directory ⌘ Up Arrow Alt+Up Arrow
go down a directory ⌘ Down Arrow Enter
go to folder ⇧⌘G Alt+D (F4 gives dropdown)
go to shell folder Cmd+R shell:startup
back ⌘[ Alt+Left Arrow
Backspace
forward ⌘] Alt+Right Arrow
new folder ⇧⌘N Alt+F+W+Enter
view as list ⌘2 Alt+V+D
view as cover flow ⌘4
move to trash ⌘⌫ Del (nums lock off)
empty trash ⇧⌘⌫
eject ⌘E push button on tray
expand tree (list mode)
collapse tree (list mode)
rename file Enter
quick look Space
display full filename
goto directory ⇧⌘G
goto file type filename
connect to server ⌘K
toggle display of sidebar ⌥⌘S
display full pathname ⌘-click on title in title bar
terminal (terminal.app/cmd.exe/gnome terminal)
mac windows ubuntu
run command Cmd+R
launch terminal Cmd+X C
launch terminal with admin privilege Cmd+X A
new tab ⌘T Ctrl+Shift+T
close tab ⌘W
switch tabs ⌘{,⌘},⇧⌘ Left Arrow, ⇧⌘ Right Arrow Ctrl+Page Up, Ctrl+Page Down
move current tab Ctrl+Shift+Page Up, Ctrl+Shift+Page Down
copy ⌘C when QuickEdit Mode is checked in the properties, you can select text. To copy, use the dropdown in the upper left
paste ⌘V use dropdown in the upper left
full screen ⌥⌘F
browser (firefox)
mac windows ubuntu
show menu F10
new tab ⌘T Ctrl+T
open link in new tab ⌘ Mouse Click
re-open closed tab ⇧⌘T Safari: ⌘Z Ctrl+Shift+T
switch tabs ^ Tab, ^⇧ Tab
⌥⌘ Right Arrow,⌥⌘ Left Arrow
Safari: ⇧⌘ Right Arrow, ⇧⌘ Left Arrow
Ctrl+Tab,Ctrl+Shift+Tab
switch to tab 1,2,3,… ⌘1,⌘2,⌘3,… Ctrl+1,Ctrl+2,Ctrl+3,…
reload tab ⌘R Ctrl+R
close tab ⌘W Ctrl+W
show/hide tabs Safari: ⌘⇧T
open location ⌘L
open file ⌘O
select search box ⌘K
back ⌘[, ⌘ Left Arrow

Mac supports binding trackpad gestures such as "swipe with 3 fingers left" to this action.
Alt+Left Arrow
Backspace
forward ⌘], ⌘ Right Arrow

Mac supports binding trackpad gestures such as "swipe with 3 fingers right" to this action.
Alt+Right Arrow
stop ⌘. ESC
zoom in ⌘= Ctrl+=
zoom out ⌘- Ctrl+-
actual size ⌘0
find ⌘F

ESC to dismiss
Ctrl+F
find next ⌘G, Enter Ctrl+G
find prev ⇧⌘G, ⇧Enter
toggle full screen ⇧⌘F F11
new window ⌘N Ctrl+N
incognito window ⇧⌘P Ctrl+Shift+P
scroll to top ⌘ Up Arrow Home (Nums Lock) Boot Camp: fn Left Arrow
scroll to bottom ⌘ Down Arrow End (Nums Lock) Boot Camp: fn Right Arrow
scroll page down Space Boot Camp: fn Up Arrow
scroll page up ⇧Space Boot Camp: fn Down Arrow
1password login ⌘\ Ctr+\
javascript console ⌥⌘K
In Safari, Develop menu must be enabled in Preferences:
Safari: ⌥⌘C
Ctrl+Shift+K
page source ⌘U Ctrl+U
downloads ⌘J
Safari: ⌥⌘L
Ctrl+J
history Safari: ⌥⌘2 Ctrl+Shift+H
add-on manager ⇧⌘A
task manager Shift+Esc
<a accesskey="key"> ^ key
Safari: ^⌥ key
Alt+key
gui editor (text edit/wordpad)
mac windows ubuntu
convert rtf to plain text ⇧⌘T
toggle bold ⌘B Ctrl+B
toggle italic ⌘I Ctrl+I
toggle underline ⌘U Ctrl+U
fonts window ⌘T
increase font size ⌘= Ctrl+Shift+>
decrease font size ⌘- Ctrl+Shift+<
toggle superscript Google Docs: ⌘. Ctrl+Shift+=
toggle subscript Google Docs: ⌘, Ctrl+=
align left ⌘{
Google Docs: ⌘⇧L
Ctrl+L
align right ⌘}
Google Docs: ⌘⇧R
Ctrl+R
align center ⌘|
Google Docs: ⌘⇧E
Ctrl+E
zoom in ⌘>
zoom out ⌘<
actual size ⌘0
intellij
mac (Keymap: Mac OS X 10.5+) windows ubuntu
beginning of line ^A
toggles between beginning of line and first non-whitespace character
end of line ^E
goto line ⌘L
type a large number to go to last line?
search in current file ⌘F
page up, page down fn↑, fn↓
select navigation bar
left, right, down arrows have bindings in navigation bar; up, down, ESC have bindings in dropdown
⌘↑
new thing dropdown (with directory selected) ⌘N
goto declaration ⌘B
find in selected path (find | xargs grep) ⇧⌘F
find everywhere ⇧⇧
find usages (with identifier highlighted) ⌥f7
find class ⌘O
find file ⇧⌘O
build application
run application ^⌥R
run tests
reformat code ⌥⌘L
generate getter/setter (with attribute highlighted) ⌘N
rename (with identifier highlighted) ⇧f6
pdf viewer (sumatra pdf/preview)
mac windows ubuntu
toggle full screen ^⌘F Ctrl+Shift+L
enter slide show ⇧⌘F Esc to exit Ctrl+L Esc to exit
hide toolbar |
goto page ⌥⌘G Ctrl+G
goto first page Home (nums lock off)
goto last page End (nums lock off)
continuous scroll mode ⌘1
single page mode ⌘2 Ctrl+6
two side-by-side pages mode ⌘3 Ctrl+7
no side bar ⌥⌘1
thumbnail side bar ⌥⌘2
table of contents side bar ⌥⌘3
thumnail sheet ⌥⌘5
page down document page:
⌥ down arrow
window page:
Fn down arrow
page up document page:
⌥ up arrow
window page:
fn Up Arrow
back ⌘[
forward ⌘]
zoom in ⌘=
zoom out ⌘-
zoom Ctrl+Y
actual size ⌘0 Ctrl+1
fit to page Ctrl+0
fit width Ctrl+2
rotate 90° ⌘L, ⌘R Ctrl+Shift+-, Ctrl+Shift+=
kindle
mac windows ubuntu
library ⌥⌘L
navigation sidebar ⌘L
goto location ⌘G
search ⌘F
bookmark ⌘D
sync to furthest page read ⌘R
itunes
mac windows ubuntu
play/pause Space Space
prev(beginning) next ⌘ Left Arrow ⌘ Right Arrow Ctrl+Left Arrow Ctrl+Right Arrow
song list/album art icons/cover flow ⌥⌘3/⌥⌘4/⌥⌘5 Ctrl+Shift+3/Ctrl+Shift+4/Ctrl+Shift+5
forward 5s backward 5s ⌥⌘ Right Arrow ⌥⌘ Left Arrow
volume ⌘ Up Arrow ⌘ Down Arrow Ctrl+Up Arrow Ctrl+Down Arrow
toggle visualizer ⌘T Ctrl+T
view options ⌘J Ctrl+J
add to library ⌘O
image editor (photoshop/paint)
mac windows ubuntu
move to right tab ^Tab
move to left tab ⇧^Tab
new tab ⌘N
close tab ⌘W
new layer ⇧⌘N
toggle layer lock ⌘/
toggle layer visibility ⌘,
bring layer up ⌘]
bring layer to top ⇧⌘]
delete layer
free transform ⌘T, followed by right click for distort, warp, rotate, flip, …
set image size ⌥⌘I Ctrl+W
fit to screen ⌘0
actual pixels ⌘1
vector editor (illustrator/inkscape)
mac windows ubuntu
mathematica
mac windows ubuntu
stop evaluation ⌘.
new notebook ⌘N
evaluate ⇧Enter
tab complete ⌘K
show function signature ⌘⇧N
radical ^⇧@
fraction ^⇧/
superscript ^⇧6 6 is the ^ key
subscript ^⇧_
new cell with same style ⌥Enter
insert math formula in text cell ^⇧(
enter TeX Esc Esc to exit
r
mac windows ubuntu
open source code in editor ⌘O Ctrl+O
save source code/workspace/image ⌘S depending upon whether editor/console/graphics window has focus; workspace saved as .txt; graphics as PDF Ctrl+S
evaluate selected editor region in console ⌘Enter Ctrl+R
scroll to top fn Left Arrow
scroll to bottom fn Right Arrow End Boot Camp: fn Right Arrow
page up fn Up Arrow PgUp Boot Camp: fn Up Arrow
page down fn Down Arrow PgDn Boot Camp: fn Down Arrow
tile left to right Alt+W V
tile top to bottom Alt+W H
next/previous window Ctrl+Tab
Ctrl+Shift+Tab
close window ⌘W Ctrl+W
give console window focus ⌘1
give most recent editor window focus ⌘2
give most recent graphics window focus ⌘3
forward/backward in graphics window history ⌘→, ⌘← does not save history
spreadsheet (excel)
mac windows ubuntu
format cell ⌘1
sort ⇧⌘R
toggle display of formulas ^`
page up, page down fn↑, fn↓
move to next nonempty cell in row adjacent to an empty cell ⌘→, ⌘←
move to next nonempty cell in column adjacent to an empty cell ⌘↑, ⌘↓
select to next nonempty cell in row adjacent to an empty cell ⇧⌘→, ⇧⌘←
select to next nonempty cell in column adjacent to an empty cell ⇧⌘↑, ⇧⌘↓
hypervisor (vmware fusion/workstation)
mac windows ubuntu
toggle full screen ^⌘Enter Ctrl+Alt+Enter
machine library ⇧⌘L

Ubuntu

The Ubuntu documentation mentions Ctrl, Meta, Super, and Hyper.

By default the Alt and Cmd keys are used for Meta and Super.

References

Table of keyboard shortcuts (wikipedia.org)
Keyboard shortcuts for Windows (microsoft.com)
Mac OS X keyboard shortcuts (apple.com)

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