Japanese Drills

JSL Ch. 7

bank
as far as
come (in-group)
just now
return, come home, go home
bookstore
flower shop
stationary store
school
university
graduate school
high school
name
teach, give instruction or information
write, draw
bad, wrong
now
underground
coffee shop, tearoom
tastes bad
house, home; household (2)
house, home; household /polite/ (2)
map
reverse side
front side
electric train
subway
bullet train
railroad train
airplane
policeman
fruit and vegetable store
airport
straight
next
intersection
corner
signal, traffic light
end of the street, corridor, etc.
this side (of)
dangerous

JSL Ch. 8

first of the month
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
clock, watch
wait
later; remaining
from this point, next after this
come to a stop; stop over
a return
school time, class time
easy, comfortable, relaxed
library (room)
until 4:30
afternoon, p.m.
a.m
morning
evening, night (2)
every day
every morning
every night
every week
every month
every year
usually
boat, ship
this year
heavens no! don't be silly! that's ridiculous!
work (2)
pleasure, fun, joy
awfully, exceedingly
1912–1926
1868–1912
1926–1989
1989–
Western calendar
first year of an era

JSL Ch. 9

  • you
  • to be sure! of course! indeed! that makes sense
  • next week
  • next month
  • next year
  • this morning
  • this evening, tonight
  • late, slow
  • early, fast
  • busy
  • not at home
  • accident
  • fire
  • earthquake
  • terrible, dreadful, serious
  • skillful, skilled
  • unskilled, poor at
  • long
  • short
  • study
  • sick, sickness
  • sick, sickness /polite/
  • business trip
  • ahead /polite/
  • things to do, business

JSL Ch. 10

translate to Japanese

  • child (2)
  • child /polite/
  • baby /polite/
  • son
  • son /polite/ (2)
  • daughter
  • daughter /polite/ (2)
  • last month
  • last week
  • foreign trade
  • appointment, promise (2)
  • in good time, early
  • foreigner (2)
  • person
  • person /polite/
  • male
  • man
  • female
  • woman
  • old person
  • cute
  • young
  • adult
  • she
  • he
  • part-time work
  • seminar
  • last night
  • get married
  • be married
  • get divorced
  • wife /out group; polite/
  • wife (2)
  • husband /out group; polite/
  • husband (2)
  • Japanese person (2)
  • person of Japanese ancestry
  • time before, past time
  • way before, long ago
  • receptionist
  • place, location
  • guest, visitor, customer
  • guest, visitor, customer /polite/ (2)
  • classroom
  • conference room
  • textbook

JSL Ch. 11

translate to Japanese

  • older brother /polite/
  • older brother
  • older sister /polite/
  • older sister
  • meet, see (a person)
  • gentle person, kind person, nice person
  • hard to please person, hard to get along with person
  • onto that, on top of that, in addtion
  • awful, wonderful, weird, terrific
  • is awfully skilled/skillful
  • become surprised
  • because [he] was abroad, [he] was abroad so
  • family, my family
  • family /polite/
  • together
  • do together
  • idea
  • consult, talk over (2)
  • later on
  • because [I] will telephone
  • think
  • think that [I] will have returned
  • how will [you] act? what will [you] do? (2)
  • [I]'ve been thinking [I]'d like to go
  • one person; alone; single
  • go alone
  • younger sister
  • younger sister /polite/
  • younger brother
  • younger brother /polite/
  • brothers and sisters, siblings
  • brothers and sisters, siblings /polite/
  • it might be entertaining /direct/
  • how come? how? why?
  • why?
  • always
  • until late
  • a company, a firm
  • office
  • unpleasant, disagreeable
  • it's because it is unpleasant
  • after a long interval
  • a while
  • I've neglected to be in touch
  • change (2)
  • thanks for asking; thanks to you
  • everyone /polite/
  • Ministry of Education
  • Foreign Ministry
  • Finance Ministry
  • the first time
  • How do you do?
  • care, assistance (2)
  • become obliged for assistance
  • this very side
  • foreign language
  • introduce (2)
  • Tokyo University
  • please [treat me] favorably
  • both parents
  • both parents /polite/
  • parent
  • parent /polite/
  • father (2)
  • father /polite/
  • mother (2)
  • mother /polite/
  • grandfather
  • grandfather /polite/
  • grandmother
  • grandmother /polite/
  • uncle
  • uncle /polite/
  • aunt
  • aunt /polite/
  • cousin
  • cousin /polite/

JSL Ch. 12

translate to Japanese

  • assigned number
  • telephone number
  • unfortunate; unfortunately
  • name card, calling card
  • things on hand
  • cards on hand
  • say; be called
  • zero (3)
  • on the other hand
  • extension
  • say; be called /humble polite/
  • excuse, explanation
  • I'm very sorry (there is no excuse)
  • exhaust the supply
  • someday, sometime
  • both
  • one time
  • one more time
  • slowly; leisurely
  • say; be called /honorific polite/
  • read
  • number
  • weak
  • strong
  • strong, rugged, sturdy
  • is weak in numbers
  • hello (on telephone)
  • message
  • can make a request (↓)
  • do (↓)
  • I've caused you to wait (↓)
  • go/come on business (↓)
  • tomorrow
  • tomorrow night
  • tomorrow morning
  • day after tomorrow
  • I'm sorry; thank you
  • I make a request (↓)
  • rude; rudeness
  • excuse me (↓)
  • excuse me, pardon me
  • who (+)
  • seat; assigned place (2)
  • let go; unfasten
  • have let go; have unfastened
  • have left one's seat
  • later
  • get in touch, make contact
  • get in touch (↓)
  • director of a research institute
  • forget
  • commit to memory, learn by heart

JSL Ch. 13

  • nobody
  • answer the telephone
  • is funny; is strange
  • talking; talk
  • the midst of talk; "the line is busy"
  • out of order
  • maybe it's out of order
  • in every way, in many ways, somehow or other
  • strange
  • free time
  • occasion, time
  • at a time when you are free
  • make oneself understood; get through
  • a caretaker
  • telephone answering machine
  • break down
  • /confirming sentence particle/
  • important
  • is far
  • sounds far away (on the phone)
  • being far
  • can hear; be audible
  • is difficult to hear
  • is easy to hear
  • voice
  • loud voice
  • low voice
  • fix, repair
  • telephone again
  • cut; cut off; hang up (the telephone)
  • company president
  • division manager
  • section manager
  • hospital director
  • academic president
  • professor
  • instructor
  • ambassador
  • consul
  • secretary (2)
  • be out
  • undergo change; change places
  • being the case that [I]'ll change, [I]'ll change so…
  • research institute
  • /polite affirmation/
  • truth, reality
  • is near
  • interval
  • in the near future
  • meet, see (a person) /humble-polite/
  • convenience (2)
  • /formal equivalent of sôo/
  • return, go/come back; back up
  • that being the case
  • /filler/
  • fine, great
  • visit; inquire /humble-polite/
  • visit (or inquire) so …

JSL Ch. 14

already, yet
noon; noon meal
lunch
breakfast
dinner
not yet
stomach
become empty
become hungry
throat
become dry
become thirsty
lunch special
dining room, restaurant
place an order (2)
request, ask for
not yet
a meal of several courses involving a fixed menu (2)
the 'A-meal'
make [i]t the 'A-meal'
bread
cooked rice (usually served on a plate)
beverage, a drink (2)
food
is cold (to touch)
fish (2)
cold, vinegared rice served with raw fish, seaweed, egg, and so forth (2)
raw fish served with horseradish and soy sauce (2)
batter-fried fish and vegetables
a stew of vegetables and meat or chicken cooked in a broth
buckwheat noodles (2)
box lunch (2)
sandwich (2)
cooked rice (usually served in a bowl)
uncooked rice (2)
butter
salt (2)
pepper
soy sauce (2)
egg
cold water (2)
hot water (2)
ice

one glassful; one cupful
half portion; half part
cigarette
health; healthy
is good for one's health
smoke
no more
still
condition
medicine
take medicine (orally)
facial color
pep, vim, high spirits; peppy, vigorous
perk up, become energetic
it won't do; it's too bad
sushi shop
tempura shop
noodle shop
restaurant (Western-style)
rice store
liquor store
cigarette shop
drug store
home delivery of prepared food
look into, investigate, check
wait!
4-chome
apartment; apartment house
deluxe
super-deluxe
regular
two portions, two orders
room #5

JSL Ch. 15

chopsticks (2)
fork (2)
knife
spoon
which is better—A or B?
of course, certainly
Japanese-style food
Western-style food
chopsticks are easy for eating Japanese style food
chopsticks are easier to eat with
the check (2)
how many people?
with special trouble or effort
thing (tangible)
meat (2)
chicken
vegetable (2)
fruit
cake; candy; sweets
ocean, sea
mountain
overeat
full
souvenir
take along (some people)
take along (some people)
take hold of, take possession of
take (things)
foreign country
a country; one's native land or area
things like sushi and sashimi
more than sashimi, compared to sashimi
service
to that extent
isn't that good
that alternative is better

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